【高中英语知识】:that的用法

发布时间:2020-12-26 19:11:23 阅读数:
摘要:  1.that 用作指示代词(复数形式是those),其指代意义同形容词用法,同时它还可以用作定语从句中的先行词;还可为了避免重复,代替前述名词。...

  高中英语,英语知识,that的用法

     一、that用作形容词

  它用来指已被提到的人或物,也可表对比,指两个中较远的那个。(后接复数名词时用those)

  例句:What about that book you borrowed from me last month?

  你上个月向我借的那本书呢?

  二、that用作代词

  1.that 用作指示代词(复数形式是those),其指代意义同形容词用法,同时它还可以用作定语从句中的先行词;还可为了避免重复,代替前述名词。

  例句:That is what he told me.

  他就是这么跟我说的。

  2.用作关系代词,引导限制性定语从句。先行词可人可物,用法相当于who或which。(但是在下列情况下多用that:先行词既有人又有物时,先行词有形容词最高级、序数词、不定代词、very、only等修饰时,先行词是不定代词时。)

  例句:He talked about the teachers and schools that he had visited.

  他谈到他参观过的老师和学校。

  三、that用作连词

  可以引导名词性从句、状语从句和强调句,具体用法如下:

  1.that名词性从句

  ①引导宾语从句。及物动词后的引导词that可省略。

  例句:I didn't expect (that) he could win the championship.

  我没有想到他会赢得冠军。

  ② 引导主语从句。通常采用it作形式主语的句型。

  例句:It is known to everyone that the earth goes around the sun.

  众所周知,地球绕太阳转。

  ③引导表语从句。

  例句:The trouble is that we are short of money.

  问题是我们缺钱。

  ④引导同位语从句。

  引导同位语从句的that和引导定语从句的that是不同的。前者只起语法作用,在从句中不作任何成分;而后者在定语从句中作主语、宾语或表语。

  例句:The news that he resigned from office surprised us.

  他辞职的消息使我们吃惊。

  2.that引导的状语从句

  ①引导目的状语从句。

  例句:Bring it nearer that I may see it better.

  把它拿近一点,我可以看得更清楚。

  ②引导结果状语从句。

  例句:What have I done that he should be so angry with me?

  我做了什么,他竟然生我的气。

  ③引导原因状语从句。

  例句:I am afraid that I will fail in the driving test.

  恐怕我驾驶考试不及格。

  ④引导让步状语从句。意为“虽然、尽管”。

  例句:Difficult that/as the task was, they managed to accomplish it on time.

  尽管任务很难,他们还是设法完成了。

  ⑤引导条件状语从句。意为“假使、假设”。

  例句:Supposing that you were in my position, what would you do?

  如果你处在我的位置,你会怎么做?

  3.引导强调句

  例句:It is an ill wind that blows nobody good.

  风不大,吹不动人。

  四、that用作副词

  1.that用作普通副词。

  例句:I was that/so angry I could have hit him.

  我很生气,我可以打他。

  2.that用作关系副词。引导定语从句,可以代替when、where、why或in which,常可省略。

  例句:The house (that)/where I used to live has been knocked down.

  我以前住的房子被拆掉了。

  五、that相关的重要短语

  1. in that,意为“既然、因为”。

  2. now that,意为“既然、由于”。

  3. see (to it) that,意为“注意、务必做到、保证”。

  4. seeing that,意为“鉴于、由于”。