【阿卡索英语小知识】:not only but also的用法

发布时间:2020-12-10 19:15:08 阅读数:
摘要: not only but also的用法:not only和but also是并列连词,其要接并列结构或者说平行结构。not only后面的结构与but also后面的结构要对称,比如,两者后面接的都是名词、形容词、动词、介词、短语或者都是句子。具体用法如下:...
 not only but also的用法:not only和but also是并列连词,其要接并列结构或者说平行结构。not only后面的结构与but also后面的结构要对称,比如,两者后面接的都是名词、形容词、动词、介词、短语或者都是句子。具体用法如下:
阿卡索,英语小知识, not only but also的用法

  一、not only ... but also 是并列连词,用来连接和强调两个同等的成分,用来表示令人惊讶或是意料之外的事,而且后者的更为令人惊讶,它可以用来列出形容词的性质、名词或动词,以显示互补的性质、数量或动作、事件和状态。,意为“不但...,而且...”。

  1. 主语+ 动词+ not only + 形容词 + but also + 形容词。

  例句:Tom is not only rich but also famous.

  汤姆不仅富有而且出名。

  2. 主语+ 动词+ not only + 副词+ but also + 副词。

  例句:Thomas writes not only correctly but also neatly.

  写得不仅正确而且工整。

  3. 主语+ 动词+ not only + 名词+ but also + 名词。

  例句:She is not only a novelist but also a poet.

  她不仅是小说家,还是诗人。

  4. 主语+ not only + 动词+ but also + 动词。

  例句:He not only studies hard but also works well.

  他不仅学习努力,而且工作也很好。

  二、为了强调,可将 not only 置于句首,此时其后的句子通常要用部分倒装的形式,但是 but also 后面的句子不用倒装。

  1. 当句中有情态动词或是 be 动词时,把情态动词或 be 动词提到 not only 后面。

  be动词例句:Not only is he handsome but also intelligent.

  他不仅英俊而且聪明。

  情态动词例句:Not only will that skill help your resume but also will make you familiar with on-line job recruiting.

  这不仅会帮助你的简历,而且会让你熟悉网上招聘。

  2. 当句中没有情态动词或是 be 动词时,用 do, does 和 did。

  例句:Not only did she forget my birthday, but she also didn’t even apologize for forgetting it.

  她不仅忘记了我的生日,而且连忘记的道歉都没有。

  三、not only … but also … 中一般可以省略 also。

  例句:He is famous not only in China but (also) in the whole world.

  他不仅闻名中国,而且闻名全球。

  PS:但在连接句子时,有时可见到省略 but 或是 but also 的情形。

  例句:Not only was I tired, I was also cold.

  我不光困倦, 还感到很冷。(省略but)

  Justice must not only be done;it must be seen to be done.

  正义不但必须伸张,而且要让人看到正义得到了伸张。(省略but also,句子之间常用分号隔开)

  四、not only ... but also ... 中 but 与 also 分离的现象。

  例句:Air not only occupies space but it also has weight.

  空气不仅占据空间,而且它还具有重量。