【阿卡索英语小知识】:什么是结果状语从句

发布时间:2020-12-11 18:42:02 阅读数:
摘要:结果状语从句的从句是用来补充说明主句中谓语动词发生的结果的,一般位于主句之后,常用来连接结果状语从句的连接词有:so that、so...that...、such...that...等。...

    结果状语从句的从句是用来补充说明主句中谓语动词发生的结果的,一般位于主句之后,常用来连接结果状语从句的连接词有:so that、so...that...、such...that...等。

  1. 结果状语从句由so…that, such…that, so that引导。

  例句:He is so poor that he can't buy a bike for his son.

  他穷得连给儿子买辆自行车都买不起。

阿卡索,英语小知识,结果状语

   2. so…that语such...that可以互换。

  在由so...that引导的结果状语从句中,so是副词,与形容词连用。其结构是: “...so + 形容词(副词)+ that + 从句”。

  例句:The hall is so big that it can hold 2,000 people.

  这个大厅大得可以容纳两千人。

  PS:在由such…that引导的结果状语从句中,such是形容词,它修饰的可以是单数或复数可数名词,也可以是不可数名词;名词前面可以带形容词,也可不带。如果是单数可数名词,前面需加不定冠词a或an。

  例句:It was such a hot day that nobody wanted to do anything.

  天气这么热,没有人想做任何事。

  有时上述两种结构是可以互换的。

  例句:It was such a wonderful film that all of us wanted to see it again.

  =The film was so wonderful that all of us wanted to see it again.

  这是一部如此精彩的电影,我们都想再看一遍。

  3. 如果名词前由many, much, little, few等词修饰时,只能用so, 不用such。

  例句:Soon there were so many deer that they ate up all the wild roses.

  很快就有了很多鹿,它们吃光了所有的野玫瑰。

  4. 当连接目的状语从句时,一般that从句中会含有情态动词,而当引导结果状语从句时,大多不用情态动词。

  例句:I got up early, so that I caught the first bus.

  我早早就起床了,结果赶上了首班车。

  5. such...that...

  与so...that...不同的是,such...that...中的such后接的是名词。其常见的结构用法有:

  ①such+不定冠词+形容词+单数可数名词+that。

  例句:He's such a good swimmer that he makes me look sick.

  他游得这么好,真叫我相形见绌。

  ②such+形容词+复数可数名词+that。

  例句:He told us such funny stories that we all laughed.

  他对我们讲了那么些有趣的故事,我们全都哈哈大笑。

  ③such+形容词+不可数名词+that。

  例句:It is such terrible weather that it is absurd to go out.

  在这么恶劣的天气里出去太荒唐。