【初中英语知识】:关系代词是什么

发布时间:2020-12-22 18:32:41 阅读数:
摘要:关系代词:指的是用来引导定语从句的代词。有指人的关系代词:who、whom、whose、that也有指物的关系代词which和that,下面具体说一下这两类词的用法。...

     初中英语知识,初中英语,关系代词

      关系代词:指的是用来引导定语从句的代词。有指人的关系代词:who、whom、whose、that也有指物的关系代词which和that,下面具体说一下这两类词的用法。

  一、指人的关系代词的用法

  1.作主语(who、that )

  例句:Those who are going to play in the match are to meet at the gate at 1:30 after lunch.

  那些参加比赛的人午饭后1:30在大门口集合。

  在本句中,先行词是those,关系代词who引导定语从句,同时代替先行词在从句中担任动词are going to play的主语。

  2.作宾语包括作介词宾语(whom,that),此种情况下的关系代词可以省略。

  例句:This is just them an(whom/that) I want for the job.

  这正是我要的做这份工作的人。

  在本句中,先行词是the man;关系代词whom/that引导定语从句,同时代替先行词在从句中担任动词want的宾语。

  3.当关系代词紧跟介词作介词宾语时,不能用that,也不能省略,

  例句:The book from which I got a lot of useful information was written by a famous scientist.

  二、指物的关系代词which和that的用法

  1. 作主语。

  例句:This is the instruction manual which/that tells you how to operate the computer.

  这是那本教你如何操作计算机的说明手册。

  2.作宾语包括作介词宾语。此种情况下的关系代词可以省略。

  例句:The chair (which /that) you broke yesterday is now being repaired.

  你昨天弄坏的那把椅子现在正在修理。

  3.whose和ofwhich指代人或事物,作定语。ofwhich可用whose代替。

  例句:The car whose lights (of which the lights/the lights of which) were all broken was my father's.

  那辆所有的灯都破了的汽车是我父亲的。

  4.关系代词的格应与它在从句中充当的成分一致。特别要注意插入语。

  例句:Peter is the one who everybody believes will fail to bring off the contract.

  Peter是那个人人都认为不能完成合同的人。(everybody believes是插入语)

  5.关系代词作从句的主语时,从句的动词必须和先行词的人称和数一致。

  例句:These are the operating instructions that/which are written in English.

  这就是用英文写成的使用说明

  6.非限定性定语从句不用that,只用who(whose/whom)和which代表人和物。

  例句:Her brothers, both of whom work in America, ring her up everyweek。

  她的兄弟们,两个人都在美国工作,每个星期都给她打电话。

  7.关系副词(=介词+关系代词)。

  例句:I shall never forget the day when(=on which) we firstmet.

  我永远也不会忘记我们第一次见面的那一天。